breed specific legislation uk parliament

The law was further extended to cover incidents on private property and attacks against assistance dogs.21, 11.The majority of public concern over the Dangerous Dogs Act has concentrated on the breed ban in Section 1, and there have been widespread calls for it to be repealed on animal welfare grounds.22 We accordingly pressed our witnesses for their views on the ban’s effectiveness. Lord Gardiner of Kimble, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Rural Affairs and Biosecurity, DEFRA The only name That would be welcomed in communities and by forces”.26 Deputy Chief Constable Pritchard stressed that the Government should “not just repeal it and leave it. Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2013-14 6. This data is available for all petitions on … Enforcement practices. The reason for this is because the issue is not about the type of dog that is owned, but actually centres around responsible pet ownership. A 1991 law called the Dangerous Dogs Act banned certain breeds in the United Kingdom, and some Members of Parliament are looking at whether or not that Act has actually been effective in reducing the number of dog attacks. The issue here, is that despite being in place for over 25 years, the number of dog attacks is still rising. New powers for early intervention. The Minister stressed that there had been a number of legislative improvements over the years, but agreed that “no one is satisfied with an increase” in incidents, and that “even if there was a decrease, it is still not enough”.50 He insisted however that maintaining Breed Specific Legislation was essential to public safety.51. This data is available for all petitions on the site. Blue Cross explains Breed Specific Legislation. The Government considers that prohibition on the four types of fighting dog under Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 should remain in place. We expect this review to take account of the concerns and recommendations raised throughout this Report. CPNs can be issued by local authority officers or the police on dog owners, or anyone temporarily in charge of a dog at the time of an incident, where dogs are behaving in an unruly way. Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. He disagreed with the assessment that Breed Specific Legislation was an inappropriate response, arguing that there was an “overriding paramount interest in making sure that the public is safe”.36 Defra’s Deputy Director, Animal Welfare and Exotic Disease Control maintained that the rising number of bite incidents was not indicative of a failing system, and that the question was rather “what would have been the case without our protections and restrictions in place? We expect to have a final report by the end of 2020. The system needs to be fairer for all, dogs and humans. It had murdered hundreds of innocent , much loved famiy pets and has cost the country millions in kenneling and court fees. This is similar to compliance levels in countries that still operate a dog licensing scheme. We focused specifically on Section 1 of the Act. One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). The Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 includes specific measures to enable the police and local authorities to tackle irresponsible dog ownership before a dog attack occurs. Breed-specific legislation is a form of discrimination. The CPN could require the dog’s owner, or the person in charge of it, to take appropriate action to prevent a reoccurrence of the offending behaviour. There are currently around 3,000 dogs where a court has granted an exemption and allowed them to stay with their owner. This is not convincing. Connections that the very same humans perpetrated years ago to being dog fighting into prominence. Wednesday 4 July, Committee Room 8, Palace of Westminster. Dogs placed on the Index of Exempted dogs may be kept by the owner under strict conditions, including that the dog is neutered, microchipped and kept on a lead and muzzled in public. Breed Specific Legislation, as part of the Dangerous Dogs Act, bans four breeds of dog from the UK. However, the law allows a person to keep an individual dog where a court has considered that it does not present a danger to public safety. Its stated aim is to: prohibit persons from having in their possession or custody dogs belonging to types bred for fighting [...] to enable restrictions to be imposed in relation to other types of dog which present a serious danger to the public; to make further provision for securing that dogs are kept under proper control; and for connected purposes.9. In fact, the term ‘breed specific legislation’ is misleading because the definition of what is banned under the law is far from specific and doesn’t only apply to pedigree breeds. In addition, Defra has commissioned further research in collaboration with Middlesex University to look at responsible ownership across all breeds of dog. The maximum penalty for this offence is 14 years imprisonment, where the offence has led to a death and 5 years imprisonment where someone is injured. The introduction of UK Breed Specific Legislation received support from the political & animal world. In May 2018 the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee launched an inquiry on Breed Specific Legislation. Instead, UK legislation bases the decision on whether a dog is illegal on looks alone – a dog’s breed, a dog’s parents’ breeds, DNA testing and behaviour don’t come into it. and Wales, The Dangerous Dogs Exemption Schemes (England and Wales), http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Eliz2/1–2/28, Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, Battersea research provides damning verdict on the Dangerous Dogs Act, Does the dangerous dogs act protect against animal attacks: a, prospective study of mammalian bites in the accident and emergency, £2.45 billion a year: new report quantifies economic benefits of, Deaths from dog bites, England and Wales, 1981 to 2015, the owner purchases third party insurance; and. The 2014 Act includes streamlined measures to tackle anti-social behaviour, including where such behaviour involves a dog. Learn more about fighting BSL in our advocate toolkit. Defra’s submission stated that there had been 31 fatalities since 2005 involving dog attacks in England and Wales.48 Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) recorded a total of 67 fatalities following dog attack incidents between 1991 and 2015, with 37 fatalities occurring between 2005 and 2015.49, Source: Data collated from the Office for National Statistics, 21.We put it to Lord Gardiner that the increase in deaths and injuries caused by dog attacks indicated that the current approach was not protecting the public adequately. Campaign against breed-specific legislation (BSL) A dog may be considered dangerously out of control if it: 10.Additional dog control legislation includes the Dogs Act 1871, which provides civil sanctions, and the Dogs (Protection of Livestock) Act 1953 which covers livestock worrying.19 More recently, the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 granted authorities greater powers to tackle anti-social behaviour, including incidents involving dogs.20 At the same time, the maximum sentences for dog attacks resulting in injury or death were raised to five and 14 years respectively. BSL needs to be scrapped and replaced with sensible legislation on controlling dogs in public and making owners responsible for their dogs regardless of size, breed or alleged 'type'. Breed specific legislation is active in certain countries across the world, the UK being one. 5.Our inquiry examined whether these aims were being achieved. 15.The UK Centre for Animal Law raised additional concerns that the current focus on prohibiting certain breeds had offered false reassurances to policymakers, and distracted attention from investigating alternative and potentially more effective methods of dog control.34 The Animal Behaviour, Cognition & Welfare Group further noted that: … the stigmatisation of certain breeds through the legislation may have inadvertently increased the value of dogs as weapons in general, or particular breeds, and thus increased the problem. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 also makes it an offence to allow a dog of any breed or type to become dangerously out of control in any place. It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. If the owner is successful, the dog is placed on the Index of Exempted Dogs and the owner must comply with certain conditions, including that: 7.As of May 2018, there were 3,530 prohibited dogs on the Index: 8.The law does not provide for the dog’s owner to be changed, unless the owner dies or is incapacitated.15 If a Section 1 dog is stray, was abandoned and is being kept in a rescue centre, or if the owner is unable to care for it due to a change in circumstances, the dog cannot be re-homed and is liable to euthanasia.16 Similarly, if the owner is not judged to be a fit and proper person, the dog would be destroyed.17. The research will also seek to identify and examine the factors and situations that may cause dog attacks; how to promote responsible dog ownership. Inquiry: Dangerous Dogs: Breed Specific Legislation; Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee; The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 was introduced to protect the public from dangerous dog attacks. There are still issues of risk in our society and our communities”.27, 13.The British Veterinary Association and British Small Animal Veterinary Association (hereafter BVA), the RSPCA, Dogs Trust, Blue Cross, Battersea Dogs & Cats Home, the Kennel Club, and David Ryan, former Chair of the Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors, were unanimous in their condemnation of the breed specific provisions in Section 1.28, 14.Dogs Trust told us there was “no evidence that there has been any effect on the number of bites”,29 and there was a “catalogue of research that tells us that breed is not a predictor” of risk.30 The RSPCA highlighted that the conditions of seizure and kennelling could be stressful for the animal and negatively affect its behaviour.31 Battersea Dogs & Cats Home told us it was “heart-breaking” to put down dogs they believed could be safely re-homed.32 The organisation has said that over 70 percent of the banned Pit Bull types in its care could have gone to new owners, but were instead required to be put down.33. Identifying Pit Bull Terriers, and the prohibition on transferring Section 1 dogs. The court must consider the temperament of the dog and whether the intended keeper is a “fit and proper person” and other matters such as suitability of accommodation. It must be much more strictly controlled than it is currently. 4 A different approach - education and enforcement. We expect this review to take account of the. 6 GOV.UK, Clampdown on dangerous dogs, 23 April 2012. Secondly the labelling of some dogs as “dangerous” carries with it an implicit suggestion that other breeds are “not dangerous”, which might lead to individuals abandoning normal risk management around these latter types, and an increased risk as a result.35. Current Breed Specific Legislation. list of people who have signed the petition. BSL In The UK. This review should begin no later than January 2019. It basically consists of laws that unfairly target dog breeds deemed to be aggressive and falsely given bad reputations. Closed Petition - 118,638 Signatures Breed Specific Legislation fails to achieve what Parliament intended, to protect the public. Many states, counties and municipal governments are turning to legislation that targets specific breeds as … The exact figures are not clear due to different reporting metrics and sources. It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. BSL in the UK takes the form of the 1991 Dangerous Dogs Act, which targets the pit-bull terrier. For over 25 years, the number of dog attacks happen should in! To stop it attacking their animal in addition, DEFRA has commissioned further research in collaboration Middlesex! More about fighting BSL in our advocate toolkit type of law that or... Committee launched an inquiry on breed specific legislation was introduced and owning certain breeds! Cooper explains that sadly the introduction of UK breed specific legislation received support both! 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